Flow Control Valve

Written by Jerry Ratzlaff. Posted in Valve Applications

A flow control valve controls the flow of a process stream.  This might be in the form of an automatic shutdown valve or it might installed downstream of a centrifugal pump.  A flow control valve on the discharge of a pump holds back pressure on the pump, which in turn forces the pump to operate at a specific rate.  

To size a flow control valve, the user must know the upstream pressure, required downstream pressure (or differential pressure), and range of flow rates.  Ideally, a control valve should operate at 75% of its normal travel.  

A flow control valve modulates across a range of flows and the pressure drop across the valve is characterized by the type of trim that is installed.

  • Abbreviated as FCV