Circle

Written by Jerry Ratzlaff on . Posted in Plane Geometry

Circle - Geometric Propertiescircle 4circle diameter 4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Arc Length of a Circle Formulacircle arc 1A

A sector is a fraction of the area of a circle.

\(\large{ l =   \theta \; r   \;\;  }\)   (when \(\; \theta \;\) is in radians)

\(\large{ l =  \theta \;   \frac {  \pi } { 180 }  r  \;\;  }\)   (when \(\; \theta \;\) is in degrees)

 

 

 

 

 

area of a Circle  formula

\(\large{ A =\pi r^2 }\)

\(\large{ A = \frac { \pi d^2} {4} }\)

\(\large{ A = \frac { C^2} {4 \pi } }\)

Center of a Circle

All points on the line circumference are at equal distance from the center point.

Circumference of a Circle formula

\(\large{ C= 2\pi r }\)

\(\large{ C= \pi d }\)

\(\large{ C = \sqrt   { 4\pi A} }\)

Chord of a Circle formulacircle chord 1D

\(\large{ c = 2r \sin \frac {\theta}{2}  }\)

\(\large{ c = 2 \sqrt {r^2 \;-\; h^2}  }\)

\(\large{ c \; \theta = \frac{C}{r} = 2 \; \left( arccos \frac{r \;-\; h'}{r} \right)    }\)

\(\large{ c \; \theta = 2 \; \left( arccos \frac{r \;-\; h'}{r} \right)    }\)

 

 

 

 

Diameter of a Circle formula

In geometry, a diameter of a circle is any straight line segment that passes through the center of the circle and whose endpoints are on the circle. The diameters are the longest chords of the circle.  

In the process industry, the diameter is typically used to describe the size pipe that the process is flowing through. Unless explictily specified, the diameter is assumed to mean the nominal pipe size (NPS). The inside diameter of a pipe is the longest distance between the two inside walls of the pipe. The outside diameter is the distance between the two outside walls. To find the thickness of the pipe, subtract the outside diameter from the inside diameter and divide by two.

When sizing flow meters or impact tees, a certain straight run maybe required. This is typically specified in terms of diameters. For example a 10" orifice meter with a 10 diameter upstream requirement will require 100" of unobstructed straight run upstream of the orifice plate.

\(\large{ d = 2r }\)

\(\large{ d = \frac {C} {\pi} }\)

\(\large{ d = \sqrt   {\frac {4A} {\pi} }  }\)

Radius of a Circle formula

\(\large{ r = \frac {d} {2} }\)

\(\large{ r = \frac {C} {2 \pi} }\)

\(\large{ r = \sqrt   {\frac {A} {\pi} }   }\)

Sector of a Circle formulacircle sector 3B

A sector is a fraction of the area of a circle.

\(\large{ A =  \frac { 1 } { 2 } r^2  \theta  \;\;  }\)  (when \(\; \theta \;\) is in radians)

\(\large{ A =  \frac { \theta } { 360 } \pi r^2  \;\;  }\)  (when \(\; \theta \;\) is in degrees)

\(\large{ A =  \frac { \theta } { 2 } r^2   \;\;  }\)   (when \(\; \theta \;\) is in radians)

\(\large{ A =  \frac { \theta \; \pi } { 360 }  r^2  \;\;  }\)   (when \(\; \theta \;\) is in degrees)

 

 

Segment of a Circle formulacircle segment 2A

A segment is the area of a sector of a circle minus a piece of that sector.

\(\large{ A =  \frac { 1 } { 2 }  r^2  \left( \;  \theta \;-\; sin \; \theta \; \right)  \;\;  }\)  (when \(\; \theta \;\) is in radians)

\(\large{ A =  \frac { 1 } { 2 }  r^2  \left( \;  \frac {\pi} {180}  \theta \;-\; sin \; \theta \; \right)   \;\;  }\)  (when \(\; \theta \;\) is in degrees)

\(\large{ A =  \frac { \theta \;-\; sin \; \theta } { 2 }  r^2  \;\; }\)  (when \(\; \theta \;\) is in radians)

\(\large{ A =  \left(  \frac { \theta \; \pi } { 360 }   \;-\;    \frac { sin \; \theta } { 2 }  \right)   r^2   \;\; }\)  (when \(\; \theta \;\) is in degrees)

 

Distance from Centroid of a Circle formula

\(\large{ C_x =  r   }\)

\(\large{ C_y =  r   }\)  

Elastic Section Modulus of a Circle formula

\(\large{ S =  \frac { \pi r^3 }  { 4  }  }\)

Plastic Section Modulus of a Circle formula

\(\large{ Z =  \frac { d^3 }  { 6  }  }\)

Polar Moment of Inertia of a Circle formula

\(\large{ J_{z} = \frac { \pi r^4 }  {  2  } }\)

\(\large{ J_{z1} =  \frac { 5 \pi r^4 }  {  2 } }\)

Radius of Gyration of a Circle formula

\(\large{ k_{x} =    \frac { r }  {  2  }    }\)

\(\large{ k_{y} =   \frac { r }  {  2 }  }\)

\(\large{ k_{z} =   \frac {  \sqrt {2}  }  { 2  }  r  }\)

\(\large{ k_{x1} =   \frac {  \sqrt {5}  }  { 2  }  r  }\)

\(\large{ k_{y1} =   \frac {  \sqrt {5}  }  { 2  }  r }\)

\(\large{ k_{z1} =   \frac {  \sqrt {10}  }  { 2  }  r   }\)

Second Moment of Area of a circle formula

\(\large{ I_{x} =  \frac { \pi r^4}{ 4 }  }\)

\(\large{ I_{y} = \frac { \pi r^4}{ 4 }  }\)

\(\large{ I_{x1} =   \frac { 5 \pi r^4}{ 4 }  }\)

\(\large{ I_{y1} =  \frac {5 \pi r^4}{ 4 }  }\)

Torsional Constant of a Circle formula

\(\large{ J  =  \frac {  \pi r^4  } {  2  }   }\)

 \(\large{ J  =  \frac {  \pi d^4  } {  32  }   }\)

 

Where:

\(\large{ A }\) = area

\(\large{ a }\) = side

\(\large{ c }\) = chord

\(\large{ C }\) = circumference

\(\large{ C_x, C_y }\) = distance from centroid

\(\large{ d }\) = diameter

\(\large{ h, h' }\) = height

\(\large{ I }\) = moment of inertia

\(\large{ J }\) = torsional constant

\(\large{ k }\) = radius of gyration

\(\large{ l }\) = length

\(\large{ P }\) = perimeter

\(\large{ r }\) = radius

\(\large{ S }\) = elastic section modulus

\(\large{ Z }\) = plastic section modulus

\(\large{ \theta }\) = angle

\(\large{ \pi }\) = Pi

 

Tags: Equations for Area Equations for Perimeter Equations for Momentum Equations for Structural Steel Equations for Modulus