Specific Heat Capacity of Non-Metallic Solids

Written by Matt Milbury on . Posted in Tables

The following table lists common materials used in construction and their corresponding Specific Heat Capacity.  The difference between Specific Heat and Heat Capacity is the Specific Heat, proper, is the amount of energy needed to raise 1 mass unit of material by 1 Temperature Unit.  The values below are listed in kJ/kg-K [SI] or BTU/Lb-F [US].

These calculations are useful in heat transfer calculations.

Table for Specific Heats of non-metallic solids

A-B-C-D-E-F-G-H-I-J-K-L-M-N-O-P-Q-R-S-T-U-V-W-X-Y-Z

Material

Temperature

Specific Heat Capacity

Temperature

Specific Heat Capacity

T (°C)

cp (kJ/kg-K)

T (°F)

cp (BTU/LB-F)

Asbestos

       

Cement board

20

-

68

-

Felt (16 laminations per centimeter)

40

-

104

-

Fiber

50

0.82

122

0.20

Sheet

20

-

68

-

 

50

-

122

-

Asphalt

20

0.92

68

0.22

Bakelite

20

1.59

68

0.38

Bark

25

1.26

77

0.30

Brick

 

-

 

-

Carborundum

1,400

-

2,552

-

Cement

10

-

50

-

Common

20

0.84

68

0.20

Chrome

100

-

212

-

Facing

20

-

68

-

Firebrick

300

0.96

572

0.23

Magnesite (50% MgO)

20

-

68

-

Masonry

20

0.84

68

0.20

Silica (95% Si02)

20

-

68

-

Zircon (62% Zr02)

20

-

68

-

Brickwork, dried in air

20

0.84

68

0.20

Material

Temperature

Specific Heat Capacity

Temperature

Specific Heat Capacity

T (°C)

cp (kJ/kg-K)

T (°F)

cp (BTU/LB-F)

Carbon

     

-

Diamond (type lib)

20

0.51

68

0.12

Graphite (firm, natural)

20

0.61

68

0.15

Carborundum (SiC)

100

0.62

212

0.15

Cardboard

0-20

-

32-68

-

Celluloid

20

1.67

68

0.40

Cement (portland, fresh, dry)

20

0.75

68

0.18

Chalk (CaC03)

20

0.74

68

0.18

Clay

20

0.88

68

0.21

Fireclay

100

0.84

212

0.20

Sandy Clay

20

-

68

-

Coal

20

1.26

68

0.30

Anthracite

900

-

1,652

-

Brown coal

900

-

1,652

-

Bituminous in-situ

 

-

32

-

Dust

30

1.30

86

0.31

Concrete, made with gravel, dry

20

0.88

68

0.21

Cinder

24

-

75

-

Material

Temperature

Specific Heat Capacity

Temperature

Specific Heat Capacity

T (°C)

cp (kJ/kg-K)

T (°F)

cp (BTU/LB-F)

Cork

     

-

Board

20

1.88

68

0.45

Expanded

20

-

68

-

Cotton

30

1.15

86

0.27

Earth

   

32

-

Clayey (28% moisture)

20

-

68

-

Coarse-grained

20

1.84

68

0.44

Diatomaceous

20

0.88

68

0.21

Sandy (8% moisture)

20

-

68

-

Fiber insulating board

20

-

68

-

Glass

 

-

32

-

Borosilicate

30

-

86

-

Fiber

20

-

68

-

Lead

20

0.68

68

0.16

Mirror

20

0.80

68

0.19

Pyrex

60-100

0.75

140-212

0.18

Quartz

20

0.73

68

0.17

Window

20

0.80

68

0.19

Wool

-

0.66

32

0.16

Material

Temperature

Specific Heat Capacity

Temperature

Specific Heat Capacity

T (°C)

cp (kJ/kg-K)

T (°F)

cp (BTU/LB-F)

Granite

20

0.89

68

0.21

Gypsum

20

1.09

68

0.26

Ice

-

2.04

32

0.49

Kapok

30

-

86

-

Leather, dry

20

1.50

68

0.36

Limestone

100

0.90

212

0.21

Linoleum

20

-

68

-

Magnezia (85%)

38-204

-

100-400

-

Marble

20

0.81

68

0.19

Mica

20

-

68

-

Mortar

20

0.80

68

0.19

Paper

20

1.20

68

0.29

Paraffin

30

2.90

86

0.69

Plaster

20

0.80

68

0.19

Plexiglas (acrylic)

20

1.44

68

0.34

Polyethylene

20

2.30

68

0.55

Polystyrene

20

-

68

-

Polyurethane

20

2.09

68

0.50

Polyvinyl chloride (PVC)

20

0.96

68

0.23

Porcelain

95

1.08

203

0.26

Material

Temperature

Specific Heat Capacity

Temperature

Specific Heat Capacity

T (°C)

cp (kJ/kg-K)

T (°F)

cp (BTU/LB-F)

Quartz

20

0.78

68

0.19

Rubber

 

-

32

-

Foam

20

1.67

68

0.40

Hard (ebonite)

20

2.01

68

0.48

Soft

20

1.67

68

0.40

Synthetic

20

1.97

68

0.47

Salt (rock salt)

-

0.92

32

0.22

Sand

   

32

-

Dry

20

-

68

-

Moist

20

-

68

-

Sandstone

20

0.71

68

0.17

Sawdust, dry

20

-

68

-

Silica stone (85% SiC)

700

1.05

1,292

0.25

Silica aerogel

-

-

32

-

Silicon

20

0.70

68

0.17

Slag

20

0.84

68

0.20

Slate

   

32

-

Parallel to lamination

20

0.75

68

0.18

Perpendicular to lamination

20

0.75

68

0.18

Material

Temperature

Specific Heat Capacity

Temperature

Specific Heat Capacity

T (°C)

cp (kJ/kg-K)

T (°F)

cp (BTU/LB-F)

Snow, firm

-

2.10

32

0.50

Soil [see also Earth]

   

32

-

Dry

15

1.84

59

0.44

Wet

15

-

59

-

Sugar (fine)

-

1.25

32

0.30

Sulfur

20

0.72

68

0.17

Teflon (polytetrafluoroethylene)

20

1.04

68

0.25

Wood, perpendicular to grain

   

32

-

Ash

15

-

59

-

Balsa

15

-

59

-

Cedar

15

-

59

-

Mahogany

20

-

68

-

Oak

20

2.40

68

0.57

Pine, fir, spruce

20

2.72

68

0.65

Plywood

20

-

68

-

Wool

   

32

-

Sheep

20

1.72

68

0.41

Mineral

50

0.92

122

0.22

Slag

25

0.80

77

0.19

Material

Temperature

Specific Heat Capacity

Temperature

Specific Heat Capacity

T (°C)

cp (kJ/kg-K)

T (°F)

cp (BTU/LB-F)