Density of Non-Metallic Solids

Written by Matt Milbury on . Posted in Tables

The following table lists common materials used in construction and their corresponding densities.  The values below are listed in kg/m3 [SI] or lb/ft3 [US]. 

Densities of Non-Metallic Solids

A-B-C-D-E-F-G-H-I-J-K-L-M-N-O-P-Q-R-S-T-U-V-W-X-Y-Z

Material  

Temperature

Density

Temperature

Density

T (°C)

P (kg/m3)

T (°C)

P (lb/ft3)

Asbestos

       

Fiber

50

470

122

29.3

Asphalt

20

2,120

68

132.3

Bakelite

20

1,270

68

79.3

Bark

25

340

77

21.2

Brick

     

 

Cement

10

720

50

44.9

Common

20

1,800

68

112.4

Firebrick

300

2,000

572

124.9

Magnesite (50% MgO)

20

2,000

68

124.9

Masonry

20

1,700

68

106.1

Silica (95% Si02)

20

1,900

68

118.6

Zircon (62% Zr02)

20

3,600

68

224.7

Brickwork, dried in air

20

1,400-1,800

68

87.4-112.4

Carbon

       

Diamond (type lib)

20

3,250

68

202.9

Graphite (firm, natural)

20

2,000-2,500

68

124.9-156.1

Carborundum (SiC)

100

1,500

212

93.6

Cardboard

0-20

~790

32-68

~49.3

Celluloid

20

1,380

68

86.2

Cement (portland, fresh, dry)

20

3,100

68

193.5

Chalk (CaC03)

20

2,000-3,000

68

124.9-187.3

Material  

Temperature

Density

Temperature

Density

T (°C)

P (kg/m3)

T (°C)

P (lb/ft3)

Clay

       

Fireclay

100

1,700-2,000

212

106.1-124.9

Sandy Clay

20

1,780

68

111.1

Coal

       

Anthracite

900

1,500

1652

93.6

Bituminous in-situ

 

1,300

32

81.2

Dust

30

730

86

45.6

Concrete, made with gravel, dry

20

2,200

68

137.3

Cork

       

Board

20

150

68

9.4

Expanded

20

120

68

7.5

Cotton

30

81

86

5.1

Earth

       

Clayey (28% moisture)

20

1,500

68

93.6

Coarse-grained

20

2,040

68

127.4

Diatomaceous

20

466

68

29.1

Sandy (8% moisture)

20

1,500

68

93.6

Fiber insulating board

20

240

68

15.0

Material  

Temperature

Density

Temperature

Density

T (°C)

P (kg/m3)

T (°C)

P (lb/ft3)

Glass

       

Borosilicate

30

2,230

86

139.2

Fiber

20

220

68

13.7

Lead

20

2,890

68

180.4

Mirror

20

2,700

68

168.6

Pyrex

60-100

2,210

140-212

138.0

Quartz

20

2,210

68

138.0

Window

20

2,800

68

174.8

Wool

0

200

32

12.5

Granite

20

2,750

68

171.7

Gypsum

20

1,000

68

62.4

Ice

0

917

32

57.2

Leather, dry

20

860

68

53.7

Limestone

100

2,300

212

143.6

Linoleum

20

535

68

33.4

Marble

20

2,600

68

162.3

Mica

20

2,900

68

181.0

Mortar

20

1,900

68

118.6

Paper

20

700

68

43.7

Paraffin

30

870-925

86

54.3-57.7

Plaster

20

1,690

68

105.5

Material  

Temperature

Density

Temperature

Density

T (°C)

P (kg/m3)

T (°C)

P (lb/ft3)

Plexiglas (acrylic)

20

1,180

68

73.7

Polyethylene

20

920

68

57.4

Polystyrene

20

1,050

68

65.5

Polyurethane

20

1,200

68

74.9

Polyvinyl chloride (PVC)

20

1,380

68

86.2

Porcelain

95

2,400

203

149.8

Quartz

20

2,100-2,500

68

131.1-156.1

Rubber

       

Foam

20

500

68

31.2

Hard (ebonite)

20

1,150

68

71.8

Soft

20

1,100

68

68.7

Synthetic

20

1,150

68

71.8

Salt (rock salt)

0

2,150-2,500

32

134.2-156.1

Sand

       

Moist

20

1,640

68

102.4

Sandstone

20

2150-2300

68

134.2-143.6

Sawdust, dry

20

215

68

13.4

Silica stone (85% SiC)

700

2,720

1292

169.8

Silica aerogel

0

140

32

8.7

Silicon

20

2,330

68

145.5

Silk (artificial)

35

100

95

6.2

Material  

Temperature

Density

Temperature

Density

T (°C)

P (kg/m3)

T (°C)

P (lb/ft3)

Slag

20

2,500-3,000

68

156.07-187.28

Slate

       

Parallel to lamination

20

2,700

68

168.6

Perpendicular to lamination

20

2,700

68

168.6

Snow, firm

0

560

32

35.0

Soil [see also Earth]

     

0.0

Dry

15

1,500

59

93.6

Wet

15

1,930

59

120.5

Sugar (fine)

0

1,600

32

99.9

Sulfur

20

2,070

68

129.2

Teflon (polytetrafluoroethylene)

20

2,200

68

137.3

Wood, perpendicular to grain

       

Ash

15

740

59

46.2

Balsa

15

100

59

6.2

Cedar

15

480

59

30.0

Mahogany

20

700

68

43.7

Oak

20

600-800

68

37.5-50.0

Pine, fir, spruce

20

416-421

68

26.0-26.3

Plywood

20

590

68

36.8

Wool

       

Sheep

20

100

68

6.2

Mineral

50

200

122

12.5

Slag

25

200

77

12.5

Material
 

T (°C)

P (kg/m3)

T (°C)

P (lb/ft3)

Temperature

Density

Temperature

Density