Newton's Laws of Motion

Newton's Laws of Motion are one of the Clasic Mechanics sub branches in physics. These three laws show the relations between the forces acting on a body and the motion of the body.

Newton's First Law

Newton's first law, also known as the Law of Inertia, a object at rest remains at rest and a object in motion continues to move at a constant velocity unless acted upon by an external force.

Newton's Second Law

force appliedNewton's second law, also known as the Law of Resultant Force, is the force that causes an object or mass to accelerate. The greater the mass to be accelerated, the greater the force required to move the mass.

Newton's Second Law Formula

\(\large{ F = m   a \;\;  }\)     (if the object is free fall with on other force other than gravity)

Where:

\(\large{ F }\) = force

\(\large{ m }\) = mass

\(\large{ a }\) = acceleration

Solve for:

\(\large{ m = \frac {F}{a}  }\)

\(\large{ a = \frac {F}{m}  }\)

Newton's Second Law for Rotation Formula

\(\large{ \tau = I  \alpha  }\)

Where:

\(\large{ \tau }\)  (Greek symbol tau) = rotational force

\(\large{ I  }\) = moment of inertia

\(\large{ \alpha }\)  (Greek symbol alpha) = angular acceleration

Newton's Third Law

Newton's third law, also known as the Law of Actions and Reaction, is for every action there is an equal and opposite reaction.

Newton's Third Law Formula

\(\large{ F_1 = -F_2 }\)

Where:

\(\large{ F }\) = force