Characteristic Velocity

Written by Jerry Ratzlaff on . Posted in Classical Mechanics

Characteristic velocity, abbreviated as U, measure the effectiveness of the combustion of a rocket engine at high temperature and pressure, seperate from nozzle performance.  It is used to compare different propellant and propulsion systems.

 

Formulas that use Characteristic Velocity

\(\large{ U = \frac { p_c \; A } { \dot m_f }  }\)   
\(\large{ U =  \sqrt  {  2  \;  Ec \; c \;  \Delta T     }    }\) (Eckert number)
\(\large{ U =  \sqrt  {  \frac{\Delta p}{Eu \;  \rho}  }  }\)  (Euler number

Where:

\(\large{ U }\) = characteristic velocity

\(\large{ A }\)  (Greek symbol rho) = area of throat

\(\large{ \rho }\)  (Greek symbol rho) = density

\(\large{ Ec }\) = Eckert number

\(\large{ Eu }\) = Euler number

\(\large{ \dot m_f }\) = mass flow rate

\(\large{ \Delta p }\) =  pressure differential

\(\large{ p_c }\) =  pressure of chamber

\(\large{ c }\) = specific heat

\(\large{ \Delta T }\) = temperature change

 

Tags: Equations for Velocity