Specific Heat Capacity of Non-Metallic Solids

Written by Matt Milbury on . Posted in Tables

The following table lists common materials used in construction and their corresponding Specific Heat Capacity.  The difference between Specific Heat and Heat Capacity is the Specific Heat, proper, is the amount of energy needed to raise 1 mass unit of material by 1 Temperature Unit.  The values below are listed in kJ/kg-K [SI] or BTU/Lb-F [US].

These calculations are useful in heat transfer calculations.

Table for Specific Heats of non-metallic solids

 A-B-C-D-E-F-G-H-I-J-K-L-M-N-O-P-Q-R-S-T-U-V-W-X-Y-Z Material Temperature Specific Heat Capacity Temperature Specific Heat Capacity T (°C) cp (kJ/kg-K) T (°F) cp (BTU/LB-F) Asbestos Cement board 20 - 68 - Felt (16 laminations per centimeter) 40 - 104 - Fiber 50 0.82 122 0.20 Sheet 20 - 68 - 50 - 122 - Asphalt 20 0.92 68 0.22 Bakelite 20 1.59 68 0.38 Bark 25 1.26 77 0.30 Brick - - Carborundum 1,400 - 2,552 - Cement 10 - 50 - Common 20 0.84 68 0.20 Chrome 100 - 212 - Facing 20 - 68 - Firebrick 300 0.96 572 0.23 Magnesite (50% MgO) 20 - 68 - Masonry 20 0.84 68 0.20 Silica (95% Si02) 20 - 68 - Zircon (62% Zr02) 20 - 68 - Brickwork, dried in air 20 0.84 68 0.20 Material Temperature Specific Heat Capacity Temperature Specific Heat Capacity T (°C) cp (kJ/kg-K) T (°F) cp (BTU/LB-F) Carbon - Diamond (type lib) 20 0.51 68 0.12 Graphite (firm, natural) 20 0.61 68 0.15 Carborundum (SiC) 100 0.62 212 0.15 Cardboard 0-20 - 32-68 - Celluloid 20 1.67 68 0.40 Cement (portland, fresh, dry) 20 0.75 68 0.18 Chalk (CaC03) 20 0.74 68 0.18 Clay 20 0.88 68 0.21 Fireclay 100 0.84 212 0.20 Sandy Clay 20 - 68 - Coal 20 1.26 68 0.30 Anthracite 900 - 1,652 - Brown coal 900 - 1,652 - Bituminous in-situ - 32 - Dust 30 1.30 86 0.31 Concrete, made with gravel, dry 20 0.88 68 0.21 Cinder 24 - 75 - Material Temperature Specific Heat Capacity Temperature Specific Heat Capacity T (°C) cp (kJ/kg-K) T (°F) cp (BTU/LB-F) Cork - Board 20 1.88 68 0.45 Expanded 20 - 68 - Cotton 30 1.15 86 0.27 Earth 32 - Clayey (28% moisture) 20 - 68 - Coarse-grained 20 1.84 68 0.44 Diatomaceous 20 0.88 68 0.21 Sandy (8% moisture) 20 - 68 - Fiber insulating board 20 - 68 - Glass - 32 - Borosilicate 30 - 86 - Fiber 20 - 68 - Lead 20 0.68 68 0.16 Mirror 20 0.80 68 0.19 Pyrex 60-100 0.75 140-212 0.18 Quartz 20 0.73 68 0.17 Window 20 0.80 68 0.19 Wool - 0.66 32 0.16 Material Temperature Specific Heat Capacity Temperature Specific Heat Capacity T (°C) cp (kJ/kg-K) T (°F) cp (BTU/LB-F) Granite 20 0.89 68 0.21 Gypsum 20 1.09 68 0.26 Ice - 2.04 32 0.49 Kapok 30 - 86 - Leather, dry 20 1.50 68 0.36 Limestone 100 0.90 212 0.21 Linoleum 20 - 68 - Magnezia (85%) 38-204 - 100-400 - Marble 20 0.81 68 0.19 Mica 20 - 68 - Mortar 20 0.80 68 0.19 Paper 20 1.20 68 0.29 Paraffin 30 2.90 86 0.69 Plaster 20 0.80 68 0.19 Plexiglas (acrylic) 20 1.44 68 0.34 Polyethylene 20 2.30 68 0.55 Polystyrene 20 - 68 - Polyurethane 20 2.09 68 0.50 Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) 20 0.96 68 0.23 Porcelain 95 1.08 203 0.26 Material Temperature Specific Heat Capacity Temperature Specific Heat Capacity T (°C) cp (kJ/kg-K) T (°F) cp (BTU/LB-F) Quartz 20 0.78 68 0.19 Rubber - 32 - Foam 20 1.67 68 0.40 Hard (ebonite) 20 2.01 68 0.48 Soft 20 1.67 68 0.40 Synthetic 20 1.97 68 0.47 Salt (rock salt) - 0.92 32 0.22 Sand 32 - Dry 20 - 68 - Moist 20 - 68 - Sandstone 20 0.71 68 0.17 Sawdust, dry 20 - 68 - Silica stone (85% SiC) 700 1.05 1,292 0.25 Silica aerogel - - 32 - Silicon 20 0.70 68 0.17 Slag 20 0.84 68 0.20 Slate 32 - Parallel to lamination 20 0.75 68 0.18 Perpendicular to lamination 20 0.75 68 0.18 Material Temperature Specific Heat Capacity Temperature Specific Heat Capacity T (°C) cp (kJ/kg-K) T (°F) cp (BTU/LB-F) Snow, firm - 2.10 32 0.50 Soil [see also Earth] 32 - Dry 15 1.84 59 0.44 Wet 15 - 59 - Sugar (fine) - 1.25 32 0.30 Sulfur 20 0.72 68 0.17 Teflon (polytetrafluoroethylene) 20 1.04 68 0.25 Wood, perpendicular to grain 32 - Ash 15 - 59 - Balsa 15 - 59 - Cedar 15 - 59 - Mahogany 20 - 68 - Oak 20 2.40 68 0.57 Pine, fir, spruce 20 2.72 68 0.65 Plywood 20 - 68 - Wool 32 - Sheep 20 1.72 68 0.41 Mineral 50 0.92 122 0.22 Slag 25 0.80 77 0.19 Material Temperature Specific Heat Capacity Temperature Specific Heat Capacity T (°C) cp (kJ/kg-K) T (°F) cp (BTU/LB-F)