Pipe Schedule

Written by Matt Milbury on . Posted in Pipe

Pipe Schedule is the term used to describe the thickness of a pipe.  The outside diameter of a pipe is the same for all schedules in a particular nominal pipe diameter.  Standard standard pipe schedules or pipes sizes as given by ANSI / ASME B36.10M and API 5L.  There are eleven schedule numbers commonly used: 5, 10, 20, 30, 40, 60, 80, 100, 120, 140, & 160.

Pipe corridorPipe corridorThe most popular schedule, by far, is 40.  For pipe 8-inches and under, Schedule 40 and standard weight pipe wall thicknesses are the same.  Schedules 5, 60, 100, 120, & 140 are rarely used.  This should be considered when piping is specified for a particular project.

The schedule number is defined as the approximate value of the expression:

Schedule number = (1,000)(P/S)


P = the internal working pressure, psig

S = the allowable stress (psi) for the material of construction at the conditions of use.

For example, the schedule number of ordinary steel pipe having an allowable stress of 10,000 psi for use at a working pressure of 350 psig would be:

Schedule number = (1,000)(350/10,000) = 35 (approx. 40)


Note that the pipe is not always the "weakest link" in a piping system but this should be examined each and every time pipe is sized.


Method for Determing Schedule

Measure the inside diameter and divide it by the wall thickness. (inches) R = ID/Thickness

Pipe ScheduleR
Schedule 30 40-50
Schedule 40 29-39
Schedule 60 25-29
Schedule 80 20-23
Schedule 100 16-18
Schedule 120 13-15
Schedule 140 11-13
Schedule 160 9-11



  • API Standards
    • API Spec 5L - Specification for Line Pipe
  • ASME Standards
    • ASME B36.10M - Welded and Seamless Wrought Steel Pipe


Tags: Pipe