on . Posted in Classical Mechanics

matter phasesphase to phase transition 5A solid has particles that are compressed together in an orderly pattern.  Solid are one of the three common states of matter, along with liquid and gas

In its solid state, matter has a definite shape and volume, and the particles that make up the solid are tightly packed together in a fixed arrangement.  Solids are not easily compressed and have a relatively high density compared to liquids and gases. 

The properties of solids, such as their melting point, boiling point, and strength, depend on the arrangement and behavior of the particles that make up the solid.  In a solid, the particles vibrate around their fixed positions, but do not move around freely as they do in a liquid or gas.

Solids are an important substance in many areas of science and technology, including materials science, engineering, and geology.  Many everyday objects, such as furniture, tools, and electronics, are made from solids.  The properties of solids are also important in understanding the behavior of materials under stress or in extreme conditions, such as at high temperatures or pressures.


Solid Properties

 Properties Gas Liquid Solid
Compressibility Yes Low No
Density Low Moderate High
Expandability Yes Yes No
Intermolecule force strength Weak Moderate Strong
Particle Movement Free movement Free movement No free movement
Shape Infinite Infinite Fixed
Shear Resistance Yes Yes No
Viscosity Low Varies No
Volume Infinite Fixed Fixed


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Tags: Liquid Matter