Synthetic Element

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periodic table syntheticA synthetic element is an element that is not found naturally on Earth and must be created artificially through nuclear reactions in a laboratory setting.  These elements are typically produced by bombarding a target nucleus with high energy particles, such as protons, neutrons, or other atomic nuclei.  The process of creating synthetic elements involves the use of particle accelerators or nuclear reactors.  When the target nucleus absorbs the incoming particles, it undergoes nuclear reactions that can result in the formation of a new, heavier element.  However, synthetic elements are often highly unstable and decay rapidly into lighter elements through radioactive processes.

Elements with atomic numbers higher than those found in nature (beyond uranium) are often referred to as superheavy elements.  The discovery and synthesis of these superheavy elements are significant achievements in nuclear physics and chemistry.  However, due to their instability and short half-lives, these elements pose challenges for detailed experimental study, and their practical applications are limited.

It's important to note that the synthesis of new elements is an ongoing area of research, and scientists continue to explore the possibilities of creating and studying elements beyond those naturally occurring on Earth.  The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) officially recognizes the synthesis of new elements and assigns them names and symbols based on agreed upon criteria.


Synthetic Element

Element Name Element Symbol Atomic Number Periodic Group Numbe Periodic Period Number
Americium Am 95 - 7
Berkelium Bk 97 - 7
Bohrium Bh 107 7 7
Californium Cf 98 - 7
Curium Cm 96 - 7
Darmstadtium Ds 110 10 7
Dubnium Db 105 5 7
Einsteinium Es 99 - 7
Fermium Fm 100 - 7
Hassium Hs 108 8 7
Lawrencium Lr 103 3 7
Meitnerium Mt 109 9 7
Mendelevium Md 101 - 7
Neptunium Np 93 - 7
Nobelium No 102 - 7
Plutonium Pu 94 - 7
Roentgenium Rg 111 11 7
Rutherfordium Rf 104 4 7
Seaborgium Sg 106 6 7
Ununhexium Uuh 116 16 7
Ununoctium Uuo 118 18 7
Ununpentium Uup 115 15 7
Ununseptium Uus 117 17 7
Ununtrium Uut 113 13 7


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