on . Posted in Geotechnical Engineering

tortuosity 1Tortuosity, abbreviated as \( \tau \) (Greek symbol tau), a dimensionless number, is the degree of twisting, turning, or winding of the pathways through which fluids, such as water or gases, move within the soil.  It is a measure of the complexity and indirectness of the flow paths in a soil medium.  The tortuosity of soil influences the ease with which fluids can move through the soil and can have significant implications for various processes, including water movement, nutrient transport, and contaminant migration.

key points about soil tortuosity

High soil tortuosity can result from factors such as soil particle arrangement, compaction, and the presence of organic matter or soil structure.

  • Water Movement  -  In the context of water flow through soil, tortuosity affects the speed and direction of water movement.  High tortuosity can slow down the movement of water as it navigates through the intricate pore spaces in the soil.
  • Nutrient Transport  -  The tortuosity of soil also influences the transport of nutrients within the soil.  Nutrients dissolved in water may encounter a more convoluted path, affecting the rate at which plants can access essential elements.
  • Contaminant Migration  -  Soil tortuosity is a critical factor in understanding the migration of contaminants through the soil.  It can impact the rate at which pollutants move through the soil matrix, affecting groundwater quality.
  • Porosity and Pore Structure  -  Tortuosity is closely related to the porosity and pore structure of soil.  Porosity refers to the volume of open spaces (pores) in soil, and the arrangement and connectivity of these pores contribute to tortuosity.

Methods to quantify soil tortuosity often involve mathematical analyses of the soil structure, considering factors such as pore size distribution, connectivity, and the irregularities in the pathways.  Understanding soil tortuosity is used for predicting and managing various soil related processes, including water retention, drainage, and the movement of solutes through the soil profile.


Tortuosity formula

\(\large{ \tau =  \frac{ l }{ C }  }\)     (Tortuosity)

\(\large{ l =  \tau \; C  }\)

\(\large{ C =  \frac{ l }{ \tau }  }\)

Symbol English Metric
\(\large{ \tau } \)  (Greek symbol tau) = tortuosity \(\large{dimensionless}\)
\(\large{ l } \) = length of the curve \(\large{in}\) \(\large{mm}\)
\(\large{ C } \) = distance between the ends of the curve \(\large{in}\) \(\large{mm}\)


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Tags: Soil