# Manning's Roughness Coefficient

Manning's roughness coefficient, abbreviated as n, also called Manning's coefficient, roughness coefficient, a dimensionless number, measures the roughness or frictional resistance exerted by a flow against the ground surface in an open channel, culvert or pipe. The Manning roughness coefficient is one of the most important ways to describe the water flow over the ground surface.

The roughness coefficient is used to calculate the friction factor using a Moody Diagram and the Reynolds number.

## Manning's roughness coefficient formula |
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\(\large{ n = \frac{1.49 \; r_h^{0.66} \; S^{0.5} }{ v } }\) | ||

Symbol |
English |
Metric |

\(\large{ n }\) = Manning's roughness coefficient | \(\large{ dimensionless }\) | |

\(\large{ S }\) = channel slope or energy slope line | \(\large{ ft }\) | \(\large{ m }\) |

\(\large{ v }\) = flow velocity in a channel, culvert, or pipe | \(\large{ \frac{ft}{sec} }\) | \(\large{ \frac{m}{s} }\) |

\(\large{ r_h }\) = hydraulic radius | \(\large{ ft }\) | \(\large{ m }\) |

Tags: Coefficient Equations Flow Equations Hydraulic Equations