Relative Density

on . Posted in Dimensionless Numbers

densityRelative density, abbreviated as RD or \(D_r\), a dimensionless number, is the density or ratio of any substance relative to another substance.  It sometimes may be called just gravity or specific gravity.  Traditionally, specific gravity is used to compare the density of a substance relative to air (SG=1) or water (also SG=1).


relative density formula

\(\large{ D_r = \frac{\rho_s}{\rho_r} }\) 
Symbol English Metric
\(\large{ D_r }\) = relative density \(\large{dimensionless}\)  
\(\large{ \rho_r }\)   (Greek symbol rho) = reference density \(\large{\frac{lbm}{ft^3}}\) \(\large{\frac{kg}{m^3}}\)
\(\large{ \rho_s }\)   (Greek symbol rho) = substance density \(\large{\frac{lbm}{ft^3}}\) \(\large{\frac{kg}{m^3}}\)


relative density calculator


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Tags: Gravity Equations Density Equations