# Acceleration

on . Posted in Classical Mechanics Acceleration, abbreviated as a, is the rate of change of velocity with time.  Like velocity, this is a vector quantity that has a direction as well as a magnitude.  Whenever a mass experiences a force, an acceleration is acting.  An increase in velocity is commonly called acceleration while a decrease in velocity is deceleration.

Acceleration is a vector quantity having magnitude and direction, some of these include displacement, drag, force, lift, momentum, thrust, torque, velocity and weight.

### Acceleration Types

• Angular Acceleration  -  An object is the rate at which the angle velocity changes with respect to time.
• Centripetal Acceleration  -  The change in the velocity, which is a vector, either in speed or direction as an object makes its way around a circular path.
• Constant Acceleration  -  An object is the constant rate in a straight line at which the velocity changes with respect to time.
• Gravitational Acceleration  -  The force on an object caused only by gravity.
• Instantaneous Acceleration  -  The acceleration at a particular moment in time along its path.
• Linear Acceleration  -  The change in linear velocity of an object in a straight line.
• Tangential Acceleration  -  How much the tangential velocity of a point at a radius changes with time.
• Uniform Acceleration  -  When an object is traveling in a straight line with a uniform increase in velocity at equal intervals of time.
• Non-uniform Acceleration  -  When an object is traveling with a uniform increase in velocity but not at equal intervals of time.

## Acceleration formulas

$$\large{ a = \frac{ \Delta v }{ t } }$$

$$\large{ a = \frac{ v_f \;-\; v_i }{ t } }$$

Symbol English Metric
$$\large{ a }$$ = acceleration $$\large{\frac{ft}{sec^2}}$$ $$\large{\frac{m}{s^2}}$$
$$\large{ \Delta v }$$ = average velocity
$$\large{\frac{ft}{sec}}$$ $$\large{\frac{m}{s}}$$
$$\large{ t }$$ = time $$\large{sec}$$ $$\large{s}$$
$$\large{ v_f }$$ = final velocity $$\large{\frac{ft}{sec}}$$ $$\large{\frac{m}{s}}$$
$$\large{ v_i }$$ = initial velocity $$\large{\frac{ft}{sec}}$$ $$\large{\frac{m}{s}}$$ 