# Water Hammer Pressure Wave Velocity

on . Posted in Fluid Dynamics

## Water Hammer Pressure Wave Velocity Formula

$$\large{ \alpha = \frac{ h_{spf} \; g }{ \Delta v } }$$     (maximum surge pressure head)

$$\large{ \alpha = \frac{ 144 \;p_{spf} \; g }{ \Delta v\;\gamma_f } }$$     (maximum surge pressure for a fluid)

$$\large{ \alpha = \frac{ 2.31 \;p_{spw} \; g }{ \Delta v } }$$     (maximum surge pressure for a water)

Symbol English Metric
$$\large{ \alpha }$$  (Greek symbol alpha) = pressure wave velocity $$\large{\frac{ft}{sec}}$$ $$\large{\frac{m}{s}}$$
$$\large{ \Delta v }$$ = fluid velocity change $$\large{\frac{ft}{sec}}$$ $$\large{\frac{m}{s}}$$
$$\large{ g }$$ = gravitational acceleration $$\large{\frac{ft}{sec^2}}$$ $$\large{\frac{m}{s^2}}$$
$$\large{ p_{spf} }$$ = maximum surge pressure for fluid $$\large{\frac{lbf}{in^2}}$$ $$\large{Pa}$$
$$\large{ p_{spw} }$$ = maximum surge pressure for water $$\large{\frac{lbf}{in^2}}$$ $$\large{Pa}$$
$$\large{ h_{spf} }$$ = maximum surge pressure head in length of fluid $$\large{\frac{lbf}{in^2}}$$ $$\large{Pa}$$
$$\large{ \gamma_f }$$  (Greek symbol gamma) = unit weight of fluid $$\large{\frac{lbm}{ft^3}}$$ $$\large{\frac{N}{m^3}}$$ 